Agricultural engineer - One of the most healthful, useful and noble employment!
Agricultural Engineering is the area of engineering concerned with the design, construction and improvement of farming equipment and machinery. Agricultural engineers integrate technology with farming. For example, they design new and improved farming equipment that may work more efficiently, or perform new tasks.
Educational Qualification & Selection
The basic eligibility criteria for BE/ B.Tech in Agricultural Engineering is 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and preferably Biology.
Duration of bachelors? course in agricultural engineering is 4 years. Besides the required educational qualification, the candidates have to appear for the entrance examination conducted at the State level, National level or University level.
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi conducts an All India Examination for admission to Agricultural colleges for B.Tech. courses all over the country. All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE), Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) conducted by IIT are the other two entrance which are accepted by various institutes. Apart from these, each State/ institute may conduct their own entrance examination, and some among them are State Entrance Examination conducted by Uttar Pradesh Technical University (SEE UPTU), EAMCET by Andhra Pradesh, KCET by Karnataka etc.
Bachelors course in agricultural engineering covers the areas like basic physical engineering, agriculture sciences, soil conservation, drainage method, irrigation practices, firm machinery, dairy engineering etc.
Specialization in crop process engineering, farm machinery and power, soil and water conservation, etc are some of the course areas at the post graduate level.
The major task of an agricultural engineer is the enhancement of agricultural production and for that they should be familiar with product engineering, equipment research and designing. They should possess practicality, organizing skills, communication skills, precision, understanding power and capacity to toil. Other desired attributes are logical thinking, ability to deal with people diplomatically, patience, ability to keep calm under pressure and in inevitable crises, creativity, flexibility to understand and apply new technologies. Ability to conceptualize forms or structure, and draw sketches will be an added advantage. Besides all these, agricultural engineers require a good intellect and must have a desire to make a difference to the future of farming.
Job opportunities for Agriculture Engineers
Agricultural engineers work in various sectors such as farming, forestry, and food processing etc. They work on a wide variety of projects. For example, some agricultural engineers work to develop climate control systems that increase the comfort and productivity of livestock whereas others work to increase the storage capacity and efficiency of refrigeration.
Many agricultural engineers endeavour to develop better solutions for animal waste disposal. Those with computer programming skills work to integrate geospatial systems and artificial intelligence into agriculture. For example, they work to efficiency in fertilizer application or to automate harvesting systems. As now we know, an Agriculture Engineer has many roles to play after completion of his/her course. These roles are given below:
- Agricultural Engineer
- Plant Physiologist
- Survey Research Agricultural Engineer
- Environmental Controls Engineer
- Food Supervisor
- Agricultural Inspector
Agricultural Engineering Colleges in India
- Indian Institute of Technology Madras.
- Integral University, Lucknow.<.li>
- Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
- Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Erode.
- Aditya Engineering College, Surampalem.
- Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore.
- GIET University, Gunupur.
- Sharda University, Greater Noida.