Become a Geographer: Education and Career Information!

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Students think that only science or commerce subjects can fetch you a career. What about the other core subjects that can make a career but are overlooked for want of recognition? Why not choose geography? Do you think it's one of the underestimated subjects? Let's take a closer look and get to know it's vast scope and numerous career opportunities it entails. If you are a geo enthusiast, then here's everything you need to know to become a successful geographer.

What does a geographer do?

A geographer studies the earth and its land, inhabitants, and features. They examine phenomena such as political or cultural structures. They also study physical or human geographic characteristics or both of a region, ranging in scale from local to global. Some geographers do fieldwork, which may include remote locations or travel to foreign countries.

A geographer typically does the following:

  • Use surveys, focus groups, interviews, and other qualitative methods in their research.
  • Gather geographic data through maps, field observations, satellite imagery, photographs, and censuses.
  • Create and modify maps, diagrams, graphs, or other visual representations of geographic data.
  • Use quantitative methods such as statistical analysis while researching.
  • Advise, assist, or lead others in using Geographic information system (GIS) and geographic data.
  • Use GIS technology to collect, display data, and analyze.
  • Write reports and present research findings.
  • Combine geographic data with statistics about a particular specialty, such as the environment, economics, politics, or health.

Eligibility Criteria and Higher Studies

While a bachelor's degree may be sufficient for some entry-level jobs in government and nonprofits, but to find a job outside of government, you need at least a master's degree. According to reports, research positions usually require a master's degree or doctorate and several years of related work experience.

Curriculum and Core Subjects

Core subjects are broadly categorized into:

  • Physical Geography
  • Socio-Cultural Geography
  • Economic Geography
  • Political Geography

Geographer Skills Required

Geographers should also possess the following specific qualities:

  • Good Communications Skills
  • Computer Skills
  • Critical-Thinking Skills
  • Good Writing Skills
  • Analytical Skills

Geographer Job Prospects

Some of the job prospects are:

  • Town Planner
  • Conservation Officer
  • Cartographer
  • Environmental Consultant
  • Recycling Officer
  • Geographical Information Systems Officer
  • Landscape Architect
  • Lecturer

Geographer Salary

Geographer, on average, can earn a salary ranging from Rs. 3 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh annually.

Top Universities

Some of the top universities in India are:

  • Madras Christian College, Chennai
  • Presidency University, Chennai
  • The Neotie University, Kolkata
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • Queen Mary's College, Chennai
  • SS Jain Subodh PG College, Jaipur
  • Loreto College, Kolkata
  • The IIS University, Kolkata
Disclaimer- On basis of different sources salary may vary according to experience in India. 


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