Become A Petroleum Engineer: Make Your Career In This Field! Find Out!
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Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Petroleum engineering ensures that energy will continue to be a key component of societal functioning and people?s everyday lives. Petroleum engineers solve important challenges that contribute to energy security and national prosperity. The rewarding field of petroleum engineering requires knowledge of physics, geology, chemistry, and mathematics. Petroleum engineers often work on global oil and gas projects in developing areas in Asia, Africa, South America, and Eastern Europe. Petroleum engineering overlaps with many of the engineering disciplines, such as mechanical, chemical, and civil engineering.
Petroleum engineering is a combination of innovation, exploration, and expansion. This major provides the building blocks for every other profession to effectively carry out its work. Between the 1980s and the end of the 20th century, the steady growth of petroleum engineering was halted by an oil glut that depressed oil prices. This event led to an industry downturn, restructuring of companies, and industry-wide mergers and acquisitions.
What do petroleum engineers do?
Petroleum engineers typically do the following:
- Design equipment to extract oil and gas from onshore and offshore reserves deep underground
- Develop plans to drill in oil and gas fields, and then to recover the oil and gas
- Develop ways to inject water, chemicals, gases, or steam into an oil reserve to force out more oil or gas
- Make sure that oilfield equipment is installed, operated, and maintained properly
- Evaluate the production of wells through surveys, testing, and analysis.
Oil and gas deposits, or reservoirs, are located deep in rock formations underground. These reservoirs can be accessed only by drilling wells, either on land or at sea from offshore oil rigs.
Once oil and gas are discovered, petroleum engineers work with geoscientists and other specialists to understand the geologic formation of the rock containing the reservoir. They then determine the drilling methods, design the drilling equipment, implement the drilling plan, and monitor operations.
The best techniques currently being used recover only a portion of the oil and gas in a reservoir, so petroleum engineers also research and develop new ways to recover more of the oil and gas. This additional recovery helps to lower the cost of drilling and production.
The courses in Petroleum engineering are offered both at undergraduate and postgraduate level.
B. Tech program in Petroleum Engineering also requires a minimum 10+2 qualification in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Maths with a high percentage of marks in aggregate.
M. Tech (Petroleum Engineering) is open to Petroleum, Petrochemical, Chemical, and Mechanical Engineering graduates. Non-Petroleum Engineering graduates have to undergo some introductory papers.
One can also pursue a PhD program after completing post-graduation. The research career is tough but rewarding.
Being a field where the pay is on the higher side, many students pursue petroleum engineering.
There is a demand for petroleum engineers, at all levels, from both the public and private sector companies and organizations. A degree in Petroleum Engineering can open many career paths. Petroleum engineers are demanded globally. Plenty of jobs are available for the professionals of this field. Many petroleum and gas companies offer the job to petroleum engineers. Job opportunities for the professionals of this field also exist in foreign countries like the United States.
Petroleum engineering degree holders can also start their careers in the teaching field.
- Problem Solving Skills
- Team Working Skills
- Numerical and analytical skills
- Conceptualization skills
- Communication skills
- The University Of Petroleum And Energy Studies, Dehradun
- PSG College of Technology Coimbatore
- PEC University of Technology Chandigarh
- IIT, Bombay
- IIT, Delhi
- IIT, Kanpur