BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING: THE SCIENCE AHEAD OF IT?S TIME!
When you want to know how things really work, study them while they?re coming apart.
Biomedical engineering is a multidisciplinary STEM field that consists of the application of engineering in healthcare and medicine. It is science from the future. It is extremely rewarding because biomedical engineers put plans to process instead of just plotting them out i.e. you get to create and then see your creative work to make the world a better place. What can be more fulfilling?
WHAT EXACTLY IS BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING?
Biomedical engineering (BME) or medical engineering is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic or therapeutic). This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine, combining the design and problem-solving skills of engineering with medical biological sciences to advance health care treatment, including diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy. Also included under the scope of a biomedical engineer is the management of current medical equipment within hospitals while adhering to relevant industry standards. This involves equipment recommendations, procurement, routine testing, and preventative maintenance, through to decommissioning and disposal. This role is also known as a Biomedical Equipment Technician (BMET) or clinical engineering.
Biomedical engineering has recently emerged as its own study, as compared to many other engineering fields. Such an evolution is common as a new field transitions from being an interdisciplinary specialization among already-established fields, to being considered a field in itself. Much of the work in biomedical engineering consists of research and development, spanning a broad array of subfields (see below). Prominent biomedical engineering applications include the development of biocompatible prostheses, various diagnostic and therapeutic medical devices ranging from clinical equipment to micro-implants, common imaging equipment such as MRIs and EKG/ECGs, regenerative tissue growth, pharmaceutical drugs, and therapeutic biologics.
WHAT DOES A JOB OF A BIOMEDICAL ENGINEER LOOK LIKE?
Biomedical engineers combine engineering principles with medical and biological sciences to design and create equipment, devices, computer systems, and software used in healthcare.
Biomedical engineers typically do the following:
Design biomedical equipment and devices, such as artificial internal organs, replacements for body parts, and machines for diagnosing medical problems
Install, adjust, maintain, repair, or provide technical support for biomedical equipment
Evaluate the safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of biomedical equipment
Train clinicians and other personnel on the proper use of biomedical equipment
Research the engineering aspects of the biological systems of humans and animals with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists
Prepare procedures, write technical reports, publish research papers, and make recommendations based on their research findings
Present research findings to scientists, nonscientist executives, clinicians, hospital management, engineers, other colleagues, and the public
Biomedical engineers design instruments, devices, and software used in healthcare; develop new procedures using knowledge from many technical sources; or conduct research needed to solve clinical problems. They frequently work in research and development or quality assurance. Biomedical engineers design electrical circuits, software to run medical equipment, or computer simulations to test new drug therapies. In addition, the design and build artificial body parts, such as hip and knee joints. In some cases, they develop the materials needed to make the replacement body parts. They also design rehabilitative exercise equipment.
The work of these engineers spans many professional fields. For example, although their expertise is based on engineering and biology, they often design computer software to run complicated instruments, such as three-dimensional x-ray machines. Alternatively, many of these engineers use their knowledge of chemistry and biology to develop new drug therapies. Others draw heavily on math and statistics to build models to understand the signals transmitted by the brain or heart. Some may be involved in sales.
WHAT ARE THE QUALIFICATIONS NEEDED?
Biomedical engineering and traditional engineering programs, such as mechanical and electrical, are typically good preparation for entering biomedical engineering jobs. Students who pursue traditional engineering programs at the bachelor?s level may benefit from taking biological science courses.
Students interested in becoming biomedical engineers should take high schools science courses, such as chemistry, physics, and biology. They should also take math courses, including algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus. Courses in drafting or mechanical drawing and in computer programming are also useful.
Bachelor?s degree programs in biomedical engineering and bioengineering focus on engineering and biological sciences. Programs include laboratory- and classroom-based courses, in subjects such as fluid and solid mechanics, computer programming, circuit design, and biomaterials. Other required courses may include biological sciences, such as physiology.
Accredited programs also include substantial training in engineering design. Many programs include co-ops or internships, often with hospitals and medical device and pharmaceutical manufacturing companies, to provide students with practical applications as part of their study. Biomedical engineering and bioengineering programs are accredited by ABET.
WHAT IS THE SKILLSET NEEDED TO BE A BIOMEDICAL ENGINEER?
Analytical skills. Biomedical engineers must analyze the needs of patients and customers to design appropriate solutions.
Communication skills. Because biomedical engineers sometimes work with patients and frequently work on teams, they must express themselves clearly. They must seek others? ideas and incorporate those ideas into the problem-solving process.
Creativity. Biomedical engineers must be creative to come up with innovative and integrative advances in healthcare equipment and devices.
Math skills. Biomedical engineers use the principles of calculus and other advanced topics in math and statistics, for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Problem-solving skills. Biomedical engineers typically deal with and solve problems in complex biological systems.
TOP INSTITUTES ACROSS THE COUNTRY FOR THE STUDY OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING:
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. ...
College of Engineering, Pune. ...
Lovely Professional University, Phagwara. ...
RV College of Engineering, Bangalore. ...
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore. ...
Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal. ...
Delhi Technological University, Delhi. ...
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai.
Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore
Thus, biomedical engineering is an advanced avenue that takes you ahead with it once you get on board. Of course, you are expected to study extremely hard and work relentlessly to succeed in this alley, but doesn?t hard work always pay off?