Cure for mental illness- Role of psychiatrist

Role of psychiatrist

Psychiatrists are the professionals who look after patients with mental problems, such as depression and schizophrenia. Treatments are made on the basis of counselling followed by the prescription of medicine.


Doctors who have successfully completed the entire MBBS programme of study are eligible for specialization in psychiatry. There are two options:

You can pursue a career as a psychiatrist after completing an M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) in Psychiatry, after your MBBS.

You can also take admission in M.D.(Psychiatry) after completing your graduation/post-graduation in Psychology.

Another option you have to become a qualified psychiatrist is to do a Diploma in Psychiatric medicine (DPM) from a recognised educational institute


The academic curriculum for the MD programme includes psychology, anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of the brain, neurology and neurosurgery. Special aspects of psychology such as child psychiatry, community psychiatry, social psychiatry, forensic psychiatry and preventive psychiatry are also taught in the programme. The course also includes practical training at mental hospitals.

Personal skills

Being able to judge patients' reactions, reach logical conclusions, communicate effectively, show compassion towards patients and handle stress are important for this challenging career.

Job prospects

As in all other branches of medicine, psychiatrists too begin with a diagnosis first and then follow it up with treatment. They often work with other occupational therapists and social workers for the rehabilitation of patients. Psychiatrists treat patients through counselling, psychotherapy, and if required use electric convulsive therapy (ECT) or the administration of drugs. Where required, they even work on desensitising patients, mainly through hypnosis.

Final thoughts

A career as a psychiatrist has good prospects. As we grow more technologically advanced, we also find ourselves in more stressful situations. Mental illness and psychological disorders are prevalent in our world today more than ever and as a result of this, career prospects for aspiring psychiatrists are looking up.


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