Planning to study Optometry? Know Scope and Career Opportunities.
What is optometry? Optometry is a healthcare profession of measuring vision. An optometrist prescribes and fits lenses to improve vision and detects as well as treats various eye diseases. The term optometry is derived from the Greek word 'optos' which means eye or vision and 'metria' which means measurement. The optometrists are doctors who perform eye examination, diagnose vision conditions, and prescribe corrective therapy. Optometrists are health doctors who have specialized in eye care and deal with eye testing and providing solutions to patients who suffer from partial sight, hereditary vision defects, squint, etc.
There are three ways in India to pursue a career in optometry; certification courses, diploma courses, and bachelors in optometry. Out of these three options, the bachelor's degree is the most beneficial one. Bachelor of optometry or B. Optom is a 4-year long undergrad course. This 4 year is divided into 3 years of academic curriculum and 1 year of internship. Only after completing the 1 year of internship, one can be qualified to be an optometrist. Since this is an undergrad course, the eligibility in terms of age is at least 17years old. Candidate should be passed 10+2 science with P.C.B and English, with a minimum of average 45%. Further candidates should pass the entrance exam like EYECET or entrance exams according to the institute, etc. also several institutes follow direct admission without any other entrance test only on bases of board marks. Candidates who have done 2 yearlong diplomas in optometry courses can apply for 2nd year B.Optom degree directly. This entry is known as lateral entry.
If the candidate further wants to continue the studies in this field, then the master of optometry is is one way to go. This master course is of 2 years, and if the candidate further wants to explore this field, then one may go for the Ph.D. program too.
The curriculum will be slightly different when compared to a bachelor?s degree to diploma to the certification course, but these few subjects that are important across all formats:
? Ocular Anatomy
? Ocular Physiology
? Visual Optics
? Ocular Diseases and Conditions
? Dispensing Optics
? Optometry Instruments
? Contact Lenses
? Community Optometry
? Hospital Training
A well-qualified optometrist will score a position at eye care clinics, in an ophthalmic department of a hospital, ophthalmologist?s assistant or can carry out their practice after some experience in this field.
Top Institutes offering this course are:
AIIMS, New Delhi
SRM University, Kanchipuram
Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune.