What Is It To Take Up A Career As A Pharmacist?? Let's Find Out!
We believe, doctors are lifesavers don?t we recover out of severe fever with just the help of a pill? The chemists or pharmacists play an equally vital role in the process. The profession is noble and holds immense importance because a major part of the Indian population buys medicines from the chemist directly without a doctor?s prescription or proper consultation. Let?s find out more about this profession.
WHAT IS A PHARMACY?
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing, dispensing, and reviewing drugs and providing additional clinical services. It is a health profession that links health sciences with pharmaceutical sciences and aims to ensure the safe, effective, and affordable use of drugs. The professional practice is becoming more clinically oriented as most of the drugs are now manufactured by pharmaceutical industries. Based on the setting, the pharmacy is classified as a community or institutional pharmacy. Providing direct patient care in the community of institutional pharmacies are considered a clinical pharmacy.
The scope of pharmacy practice includes more traditional roles such as compounding and dispensing medications, and it also includes more modern services related to health care, including clinical services, reviewing medications for safety and efficacy, and providing drug information. Pharmacists, therefore, are the experts on drug therapy and are the primary health professionals who optimize the use of medication for the benefit of the patients.
WHO IS A PHARMACIST/CHEMIST?
Pharmacists, also known as chemists or druggists are health professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use. Pharmacists undergo university-level education to understand the biochemical mechanisms and actions of drugs, drug uses, therapeutic roles, side effects, potential drug interactions, and monitoring parameters. This is mated to anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology. Pharmacists interpret and communicate this specialized knowledge to patients, physicians, and other health care providers.
WHAT ARE THE DUTIES OF A PHARMACIST?
Pharmacists are often the first point-of-contact for patients with health inquiries. Thus pharmacists have a significant role in assessing medication management in patients, and in referring patients to physicians. These roles may include, but are not limited to:
? clinical medication management, including reviewing and monitoring of medication regimens
? assessment of patients with undiagnosed or diagnosed conditions, and ascertaining clinical medication management needs
? specialized monitoring of disease states, such as dosing drugs in kidney and liver failure
? compounding medicines
? providing pharmaceutical information
? providing patients with health monitoring and advice, including advice and treatment of common ailments and disease states
? supervising pharmacy technicians and other staff
? oversight of dispensing medicines on prescription
? provision of and counseling about non-prescription or over the counter drugs.
? education and counselling for patients and other health care providers on optimal use of medicines (e.g., proper use, avoidance of overmedication)
? referrals to other health professionals if necessary
? pharmacokinetic evaluation
? promoting public health by administering immunizations
? constructing drug formularies
? designing clinical trials for drug development
? working with federal, state, or local regulatory agencies to develop safe drug policies
? ensuring the correctness of all medication labels including Auxilary labels
? member of the interprofessional care team for critical care patients.
? symptom assessment leading to medication provision and lifestyle advice for community-based health concerns (e.g. head colds, or smoking cessation)
? staged dosing supply (e.g. opioid substitution therapy)
QUALIFICATION AND CREDENTIALS:
In many contexts, students must first complete pre-professional (undergraduate) coursework, followed by about four years of professional academic studies to obtain a degree in pharmacy (such as Doctorate of Pharmacy). Pharmacists are educated in pharmacology, pharmacognosy, chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, microbiology, pharmacy practice (including drug interactions, medicine monitoring, medication management), pharmaceutics, pharmacy law, physiology, anatomy, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, drug delivery, pharmaceutical care, nephrology, hepatology, and compounding of medications. Additional curriculum may cover diagnosis with emphasis on laboratory tests, disease state management, therapeutics and prescribing (selecting the most appropriate medication for a given patient).
Upon graduation, pharmacists are licensed, either nationally or regionally, to dispense medication of various types in the areas they have trained for. Some may undergo further specialized training, such as in cardiology or oncology.
TOP INSTITUTES FOR THE STUDY OF PHARMACY:
Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi.
Panjab University, Chandigarh
National Institute Of Pharmaceutical Education and Research SAS Nagar
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai.
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
National Institute Of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hyderabad.
JSS College of Pharmacy, Ooty
Municipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal
JSS College of Pharmacy, Mysore
Annamalia University, Annamalia Nagar
Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Ahmedabad
Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai
THUS, PHARMACY ISNT JUST AN OCCUPATION. IT IS A SCIENCE. Their job is extremely crucial since it deals with human health and welfare. No recklessness can be afforded in this profession. It forms the basis of healthcare and lifestyle of a country.