India?s population: Hitting the billion mark was never so bad.
India hit the mark of 1billion in the year of 2011, according to the India census. The numbers have gone up ever since. The current population of India is close to 1.3billion people. India ranks 2nd position in worlds? population by contributing a total of 17% to it. China ranks 1st in the worlds? population with close to 1.4billion people, contributing the total of 18.5% to it. It is believed that by the year 2030, India will be crossing China in population by reaching 1.5billion. India habilitates 17% of the worlds? population in 2.5% of worlds? land. These numbers show how immense the pressure is on our resources, economy, and infrastructure.
Overpopulation leads to over-exploitation of natural resources. Increasing population further puts more burdens on the natural resources for food, water, and shelter. As a result, the unprivileged people have to suffer from malnutrition, starvation, and unhealthy living condition. There is an ever-increasing gap between privileged and unprivileged people; overpopulation is one of the main reasons for this increasing gap. Overpopulation leads to this vicious cycle of unemployment, illiteracy, and poverty. Lack of education deprives people to make a standard and decent life. This leads to widening of the rich-poor gap. Unequal distribution of wealth, opportunities, and incomes further divide them.
Reasons for overpopulation in India are we have successfully decreased the death rates but failed to do the same for birth rates. The ratio of birth rate to death rates is unbalanced, birth rates being the higher one. Lack of family planning knowledge, the lack of education directly effects here. Uneducated families cannot grasp the issues and problems caused by overpopulation. They are least aware of the various ways to control population, uses of contraceptives and birth control measures. Lack of education also leads to a social problem like early marriage even today. A still larger number of girls and boys are married at an age when they are not prepared for family responsibilities, either socially, emotionally, physically, and mentally.
Preventing the rapid growth of population is the key to break the vicious cycle of poverty, illiteracy, economic backwardness, etc. Measures taken to control the population should be on all levels. Social measures should be adopted as overpopulation is a social problem. Social measures like a minimum age of marriage should be increased and strictly implemented. Raising awareness about the current situation faced by the country due to overpopulation. Raising awareness among the child too is necessary with the help of social events or games. After all, they will the generation facing the issues overpopulation.