Plastic to create fuel: Is the new solution to plastic waste and increasing fuel supply.

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India generates around 60million tones of garbage in a single day. And almost 45million a tone of this garbage is dumped untreated in the landfills, that is 75% of the garbage. Cities like Mumbai and Delhi alone generate about 10million tones of waste every day. If the numbers of garbage generation continue at this current, India will need around 1200 hectares of land to dump the country?s waste.

The situation is alarming and needs everyone to start taking immediate action to deal with this problem. The situation calls for action on every level, from global to national to individuals. One can begin to adopting a few changes in their life simply by not using plastic on individually, by going paperless, integrating 3R?s- Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Going on a higher level, one should start to segregate waste into different bins of 2 categories- Bio-Degradable and Non-Bio Degradable. After segregation, come to composting the waste. These initiatives will surely help but looking at the current situation; one has to incorporate new technology for larger-scale management.

How does the model work?

A new set of emerging technology is helping to convert plastic into an array of fuels. 1st the plastic is collected into one place by the help of policies like General Clinical Insurance (GCI) which attacks people to participant in the process. GCI was started in Indonesia by a medical company Medica Foundation. Policies like GCI encourages people to mobilize the required resources to recycle it and also get health insurance in return. After the plastic is collected in one place, the plastic gets shattered and heated on 400degree Celsius. After heating the plastic on such high heat, plastic starts to melt and release the vapors. These vapors are collected through the rubber tube, and the vapors reach the beaker and get condense in the beaker, resulting in the formation of fuel. After the process of distillation and filtration, the substance like petrol, diesel, and kerosene are derived.

Plastic to fuel technologies are increasingly scalable and can be customized to meet the needs of various economies and geographies, this new technology is not bound by heavy pieces of machinery and huge-scale projects. These new facilities could create local revenue for communities near water bodies where plastic garbage has become a hazard to marine life.

Research institutions working on such models:

BLDEA College of Engineering and Technology, Vijaypur. DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING.

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