Population Education in India: Meaning, Objectives, Problems!
One of the major problems which is our rapidly increasing population, which offsets every opportunity of development. A need is being felt for imparting factual knowledge about population growth, so that the younger generation may understand the nature and magnitude of the burden imposed by rapid population growth.
What is Population Education?
Population education is an educational program that provides for a study of the population situation of the family, the community, nation, and world, with the purpose of developing in the student?s rational and responsible attitudes and behavior towards that situation.?
Why is population education important?
Population education helps to improve the well-being of their families and communities. Population education leads to a greater awareness among students and teachers and a positive change in their attitudes. It can have an especially important impact on women in society.
Who introduced the population education
Dr.slawan, professor of Columbia University, first brought out the concept of population education.
What are the components of population education?
The five components of population education, namely: population dynamics, family life education, human reproduction, food and nutrition, and maternal and child welfare, are briefly discussed.
Importance and Necessity of Population Education
Population education teaches the students to realize their responsibility regarding the population situation of the family and community.A controlled Population has special contribution peace, prosperity, and happiness of the people.
The high population growth rate has been taken as one of the major social problems of the world.
Degradation of environment and natural resources with an increase in population
The need for food water, fuel and air increases with an increase in population
The speed in the growth rate of the population has been more than food production of a country.
Natural resources of the earth are under threat due to the fast increase in population.
The desire for a large family can be changed through population education.
It helps to develop the quality of life of the people.
The social problems such as population growth, drug addiction, fatal problem diseases like AIDS environmental population, etc.
Steps were taken by the Indian government:
The Government, of India last year appointed an expert group on National Population Policy under the chairmanship of Dr. M.S Swaminathan which submitted its report on 22nd May 1994. The report recommended for complete elimination of marriage of girls below the age of 18, universal immunization of children etc. which must be achieved by 2010 A.D. So the population policy should touch the lives of common man and should have a wider involvement of the people, the politicians, the bureaucrats, the media, the specialists, the teachers and the public at large.
Researchers and institutions:
Dr. Slawan, professor of Columbia university pioneered the introduction of population education
The goal of the Philippine Population Education Program (PEP) since its inception in 1972 is to institutionalize population education in the formal educational system.