Reduce, reuse and recreate: new technology makes ethanol from carbon dioxide.
Carbon dioxide is essential to the survival of plants and animals. However, too much carbon dioxide can cause all life on earth to die. Not only do plants and animals need to ingest carbon dioxide, but they also rely on the gas to keep them warm, as it is an essential component to earth?s atmosphere.
Effects of carbon dioxide:
Global warming: an increase in temperature is a major cause of all changes in the earth?s climate. The rise in temperature is resulting in warming of oceans, melting of ice mass, and increased evaporation. These effects have concerning physical impacts such as the sea-level rise and increased variability in weather patterns and extreme weather events. The adverse impact of these changes cause of global warming is now getting visible on the environmental system. Water acidification, the ocean water absorbs almost a quarter of carbon dioxide emitted in the atmosphere. The excess carbon dioxide reacts with the seawater to form carbonic acid. This acidification causes the suppression of carbonate ion concentration that is essential for animals in the sea, such as coral and shellfish, to build bones and shells.
Now, let?s talk about Ethanol. Ethanol is a renewable fuel because it is produced from biomass. Ethanol also burns more cleanly and entirely than gasoline or diesel fuel. Ethanol reduces greenhouse gas emission effects because the grain other biomass used to make the ethanol absorbs carbon dioxide as It grows.
Effects of ethanol on the environment:
Pure ethanol is non-toxic and biodegradable, and it quickly breaks down into harmless substances if spilled, unlike gasoline. Chemical denaturants are added to ethanol to make fuel ethanol, and many of the denaturants are toxic. Similar to gasoline, ethanol is a highly flammable liquid and must be transported carefully.
Ethanol can reduce pollution. Ethanol and other ethanol mixtures burn clean. Ethanol has higher octane levels than pure gasoline. But they both also have higher evaporation emissions from fuel tanks. The evaporation emissions contribute to the formation of harmful, ground-level ozone, and smog. Gasoline requires some extra processing to reduce evaporation emissions before mixing it with ethanol.
Carbon dioxide to Ethanol:
The model works to reduce carbon dioxide using carbon dioxide. The objective is to reduce carbon dioxide, plus use carbon dioxide to create ethanol. So here, the model reduces carbon dioxide, produces fuel, and also releases oxygen in the air while addressing the air population issues. Mrs. Gorge olla was the inspiration for this model. He was the one who introduced the process of artificial photosynthesis. The process starts by first capturing carbon dioxide and liquefying it by using the waste gas carbon dioxide as a resource. Carbon dioxide goes to the absorbent unit where carbon dioxide gets absorbed, then it is heated and then liquefied and stored in the primary fuel cell. The second part of the model is water splitting. The hydrogen gas from the cathode is then channelled into the main fuel cell, and both are combined to create ethanol fuel.
Ethanol increases the possibility of storing larger capacities of energy from sources like solar panels and wind farms to reduce the frustration of the power dilemmas often associated with renewable and natural energy.