WASTE MANAGEMENT: Reduce Waste Around You! Take An Initiative?Find Out How!
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The collecting, treating and disposing of solid material that is discarded because it has served its purpose or is no longer useful. Improper disposal of municipal solid waste can create unsanitary conditions, and these conditions in turn lead to pollution of environment and to out breaks of vector borne disease ?that is diseases spread by rodents and insects. The tasks of solid waste management present complex technical challenges. They also pose a wide variety of administrative, economic, and social problems that must be managed.
These Problems can be solved by:
- Proper waste disposal
- Pollution control
Early waste disposal
Disposal methods were very crude, involving open pits located just outside the city walls. As population increases, efforts were made to transport waste farther out from the cities.
Development In Disposal
The sources of waste include residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial activities. Certain types of wastes that cause immediate danger to exposed individuals or environments are classified as hazardous.
We can convert our biodegradable and non- bio degradable waste into something useful. All the vegetable waste can to be given to the cattle which in turn gives dung containing methane, when put in bio digester we get biogas .The residue left can be converted to vermicast. Bacterial process takes 45 days. All the stale items make compost waste which are fed to the hens. Fish waste is one big problem because it takes 128 days to decompose, so it can be fed to the ducks.
In cities we have to follow SLRM system that is (Solid Liquid Resource Management) system every 4 km.
These all are degradable wastes so what about plastics?
We cannot give plastics to the animals, but we can make roads by using them. Roads made of plastic do not require maintenance up to 10 years and they do not develop potholes. If we implement this management it will be economical boom for the country.
Depending on the type of waste, the reason of concern varies. If a waste contains hazardous chemicals or microbes that may reach humans in sufficient quantities it is a threat to public health. A so-called non-hazardous waste can also be a threat to public health if quantities are high. The amount depends on the persistence of the waste components. If they breakdown rapidly by natural processes or are treated properly, the hazard is curtailed. Similarly, wastes can threaten ecosystems in sufficient quantities.
Arguably, waste management gives primacy to human receptors and the protection of public health, especially in reducing exposures to chemical and microbial agents. Public welfare is also among the most visible indicators of poor waste management, such as the ugly sight of an open dump, or the disfiguring of the landscape from litter and improper waste collection.