Genome profiling is a technique in the field of molecular biology. It is done in laboratories. It helps in learning about all the present genes inside a human or inside a specific cell type along with the way those genes interact amongst each other and in the environment. It helps in understanding the specific gene in the individual at the molecular level.
ADVANTAGES OF GENOME PROFILING
- Genome profiling is a quantitative analysis that helps in transforming the next generation sequencing value chain. This helps the researchers to look for epigenetic biomarkers that pass on from one generation to another. Overall, this helps in catering to individual patient’s needs and curate therapies accordingly.
- Genetic testing also helps in giving results for a gene mutation. It tells the doctors whether the patient has undergone any gene mutation or not. The test results are helpful in letting the doctors proceed with certainty and manage health. For instance, with a negative result for the gene mutation, there would be not more screening tests or checkups required. For a positive result, a patient can learn more about the treatment procedure, prevention and how to monitor the growth.
- Genome profiling of the couple can help in taking an informed decision about conceiving children. It also helps in diagnosing any genetic disorders from early on, so that the treatment can be supplied.
- Analysing the DNA effectively can help in making proper treatments for the disease and tailoring the treatment regimen accordingly. It can also inform the individual whether he/she has a predisposition to a disease and minimise the risks involved. The test results come accurate and there is a reduction in diseases.
DISADVANTAGES OF GENOME PROFILING
- Ethicists are concerned about how the people are going to use the information provided by genome profiling. They are concerned about the fact that patients might want to alter the gene for their benefit.
- By having such an information, expectant mothers might abort their child if they find any genetic flaw in the child. The genetic tests can’t be used for determining which life should be given a chance to live and which shouldn’t be. It isn’t necessary that someone carrying problematic genes will develop problems at a later stage.
- The unintended consequences, the cultural and biological issues cannot be ignored. The privacy might get violated by performing genome profiling. It might even give rise to genetic discrimination.