India is the world’s third largest producer of electricity. In the global energy markets, India lags behind China and United States only. India’s is the world’s third largest power generator along with being the world’s third largest emitter of carbon dioxide after the China and U.S.
Despite all this, India comes first in one category- India is the habitat of the world’s largest population who doesn’t have an access to the electricity which accounts for 250 million people out of the 1.3 billion people that it holds. There is lesser access to electricity amongst the Indians which is a technological problem.
The growth of technology is India is providing electricity to the houses on one hand and reducing the growth of India as a country on the other hand.
THE POSITIVE SIDE
LED bulbs are replacing the incandescent light bulbs enabling the consumption of far less power. According to National Ujala Dashboard, which is responsible for tracking the deployment of fans, tubelights and bulbs, India has managed to install 253 million LED bulbs and almost 770 million inefficient old bulbs remain.
As a result of the newer bulbs, India does not need as much power system to supply 6.5 gigawatts of power for lighting. This, in turn, decreases the electricity consumption in India by 4%. By multiplying a number of LEDs used to triple, and removing every inefficient bulb, India can reduce the power consumption by 12%.
With lower demand comes greater efficiency and this is a great way for avoiding the supply constraints faced by India owing to its deficiency in chronic power. The greater delivery of the power generators is a good thing going in the favour of India. This isn’t that good for the power generators where the plant load factors fall with power deficits.
THE NEGATIVE SIDE
Plants owned by the state governments are 55% below the plant load factors with central government having the highest plant load factors. India’s demand for the electricity continues to grow along with the need for a physical plant supporting it. The efficiency of the physical system is also improving. The growth is too slow as per the expectations. With theincrease in technological advancements, climate change is quite evident. The climate change has become the second greatest threat on the international level. Climate change has become a national security threat with severe consequences.