The God particles is also known as the Higgs Boson particle which simply translates to an elementary particle in the standard model of the particle physics. In 1964, Peter Higgs, British scientist, wrote a revolutionary paper based on the hypothesis of why elementary particles contain mass.
He stated that there is existence of a three dimensional field which permeates space and is responsible for dragging on everything that moves through it. Some of the particles are heavier and hence they take time and face trouble travelling the field than the other particle. The field, also known as the Higgs field, exists and as Higgs stated, the particle associated with that field is known to be Higgs boson.
In simpler terms, Higgs boson or the god particles are simply packages of energy which are associated with some kind of field. The Higgs field has a non zero constant value in the vacuum unlike the other fields like electromagnetic field.
Before discovery of this theory, scientists so far always wondered how the minute building blocks of the universe acquire mass since without the mass, the particles cannot hold together and there can be no matter whatsoever. This is when Peter Higgs said that there is a sticky field for capturing or dragging in the other particles towards itself.
WHY IS THE GOD PARTICLE IMPORTANT?
This is a part of theory that makes the scientists understand how the world came into the very being. Without its existence, the theories would have to be cancelled. It took more than $10 million for building and running the CERN’s atom smasher.
FEATURES OF THE HIGGS BOSON
In the standard model, Higgs particle is a no spin boson with zero electric charge and no colour charge. The Higgs field is scalar and is its own antiparticle even. It decays the other particles immediately as it is unstable in nature. The Higgs field is said to be tachyonic which means that the condensation of a particle in a symmetry breaking through should and has to occur only under some certain conditions.
The Higgs field has an imaginary mass and has to undergo the symmetry breaking. There are four components to it where two are neutral and two are the charged component fields.
In the field of physics, whenever the particles interact with fields, the interaction is always mediated by a particle. Same ways, whenever the Higgs particle interacts with Higgs field, it becomes as excitation of Higgs field. Particles travel through the Higgs field and acquire mass while exchanging the virtual Higgs particles within it. When the field becomes excited, the real Higgs particle flares up with energy at one point and by detecting those spots gives scientists the proof that such fields do exist.