Entomology is a branch of zoology that deals with the scientific study of insects. This field comes under control of agriculture or biology department. Numerous industries across the world offer courses in entomology. Put simply, entomology is that branch which deals with the study of insects and the manner in which they interact with their environment.
Entomology overlaps with a diverse section of topics including biomechanics, physiology, ecology, morphology, paleontology, etc. Humans have shown immense interest in insects for various reasons since prehistoric times. Entomology developed majorly in the 19th century when it was studied by notable figures including Charles Darwin and E. O. Wilson.
William Kirby is considered as the father of entomology. He, along with William Spence published an encyclopedia named ‘Introduction to Entomology’.
WHAT DOES AN ENTOMOLOGIST DO?
Entomologists study insects, such as bees, beetles and ants. Their field of study also includes arthropods example spider and scorpions. Insects perform a vital role on earth. Entomologists contribute to newer scientific ways to pollinate crops and wildlife.
If we know what role an insect can play in the environment, we can also help restore our ecosystem. Entomologists may or may not specialize in a particular species of insect. The different fields of entomology include:
- Agricultural Entomologists
- Medical entomologists
- Taxonomic entomologist
- Forest entomologists
- Structural entomologists
- Forensic Entomologists
Entomologists do two types of work which are 1) Fieldwork 2) Lab work. Fieldwork involves travelling to remote areas including rain forests. An entomologist’s job is isolating and physically demanding. Most often an entomologist is required to perform the following tasks:
- Collect and manage specimens
- Conduct sampling about habitat
- Guide stakeholders in solving pest control problems
- Develop trapping methods for collecting specimen
- Create risk aversion strategies and plans.
IMPORTANCE OF ENTOMOLOGY
Entomologists have over the time contributed greatly to fields such as criminology, forensics, agriculture, molecular science, etc. This study helps in developments of chemical pest control, pharmaceuticals, food production and storage, and various other fields of science.
For an amateur entomologist the beauty and the diversity of insects might be the most attractive aspect but professionals work at a different level.
Professional entomologists study the role insect play in spreading diseases and also find ways to protect food crops and livestock from these insects. This definitely gives a great contribution for the betterment of mankind.