The vast majority of electrical shortage in India is due to the tremendous amount of water shortage faced all over Without electricity a vast majority of daily chores come to a standstill
There has been immense research done on finding ways to generate electricity.
Ever heard of a fruit battery? Who knew we could make our own batteries? Batteries are the most common source of electricity especially for smaller gadgets and devices that need electric power to work.
Electricity travels through circuits made of ions. These ions come from many sources; salt, minerals, several kinds of metal and acid. Humans take advantage of these conductive materials to power machines through batteries.
Citrus fruits, such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruits, can be used to generate electrical currents. The acid in these fruits combines with electrodes, such as copper and zinc, to generate electricity. Acting as a battery, these fruits can power small devices such as LED lights and basic digital clocks.
How Do Fruits And Vegetable Produce Electricity?
The fruit or vegetable can’t conduct on its own. It needs something to drive the ions
When you insert two different metals and connect them with wire, you create an electrical circuit. Then, when this material is brought in contact with the electrolytes, the battery reaction starts to generate the voltage.
Because of the difference in electrical potential energy between the two metals, the positive and negative ions will begin to move freely.”
Most widely used lemon battery
A lemon battery is a simple battery often made for the purpose of education. Typically, a piece of zinc metal (such as a galvanized nail) and a piece of copper (such as a penny) are inserted into a lemon and connected by wires. The power generated by the reaction of the metals is used to power a small device such as a light-emitting diode (LED). The lemon battery is similar to the first electrical battery invented in 1800 by Alessandro Volta, who used brine (saltwater) instead of lemon juice.
The lemon battery illustrates the type of chemical reaction (oxidation-reduction) that occurs in batteries.
The zinc and copper are called the electrodes, and the juice inside the lemon is called the electrolyte. There are many variations of the lemon cell that use different fruits (or liquids) as electrolytes and metals other than zinc and copper as electrodes.
Researcher Who Founded This Idea:
Fruits and vegetables conduct electricity in the same way a salt solution will complete an electrical circuit,” Michael Hickner, an associate professor of materials science and engineering at Penn State, told Live Science.