Genetics is a field of biology that studies genes, heredity, and genetic variation. Genetic variation includes how genes become mutated or are involved in disease and aging. Environmental genetics examines how environmental factors interact with genes to cause disease, or enhance the adaptation of a species to its environment. A geneticist is a science who studies genes, including how they are inherited, mutated, activated, or inactivated. They often study the role that genes play in disease and health. Environmental geneticists specialize in studying the interactions between genes and environmental factors that lead to adverse health effects, disease, and aging.
Admission & Eligibility
The duration of this course is three years. Some colleges also conduct an aptitude test for admission in B.SC Genetics degree course. To get admissions in master courses, you must have done a bachelor’s degree in the relevant field from any recognized college or university.
Subjects Studied by Geneticist
Subjects usually studied in the course’s curriculum are Cell Biology, Microbial Genetics & Technology, Biostatistics, Population Genetics, Genome Organization, Biochemistry, Gene Development, DNA Technology, etc.
The typical geneticist begins his career with a four-year degree in genetics, biology or chemistry. However, employment opportunities are extremely limited for those with only a bachelor’s degree. What few positions there are typically offer little or no possibility of career advancement and are normally laboratory assistant jobs. Curricula vary by school, but students should expect courses such as botany, biochemistry, zoology, molecular chemistry, genetics, horticulture and microbiology as well as general education classes, such as English, history and mathematics.
Opportunities for geneticists with a master’s degree are more plentiful. For example, a master’s degree is usually sufficient to work as a genetic counselor as long as the American Board of Genetic Counseling has granted accreditation to the program. After obtaining a bachelor’s degree in biological science, students proceed to a program, lasting approximately two years, that combines genetics with training as a counselor. Genetic counselors can specialize in prenatal counseling, work with clients born with a genetic condition or counsel parents of children born with such a condition. Geneticists who want to work in research may still begin as a research or laboratory assistant, but a master’s degree allows them the potential of earning promotions.
Geneticists must be able to follow a logic chain to analyze data. Both oral and written communication skills are highly desirable. Genetic counselors and clinical geneticists who see patients should be compassionate and possess good interpersonal skills.
Biochemists and Biophysicists.
Forensic Science Technicians.
Agricultural and Food Scientists.
Top colleges in India that offers these courses for geneticists
Government Science College, Karnataka.
University of Delhi.
Maharshi Dayanand University.
Guru Nanak Dev University.
Geneticists must keep up with scientific literature to learn about new methods, tools, and results in the field, and use that information to inform their own research. They often write grants or attend fundraising events to fund their research projects. They share their research results by writing academic journal articles and presenting at professional conferences.