Newton gave out three laws which laid the foundation for the classical mechanics. The laws collectively describe the relationship between the body and the forces that act upon it along with its motion in response to the forces.
A body can have multiple types of motion. A car running straight on a road is an example of motion in one dimension or motion in a straight line. A bird flying in air is an example of motion in two dimensions or motion in a plane. Two dimensions or two axes (a pair of x, y or y, z or x, z) form a plane.
We often see spinning balls, spinning of wheels which causes car to move, spinning of train’s wheels, and many more rotational motions. But what is it that causes this rotational motion? It is torque.
Newton’s first law of motion states that a body continues to be in the state of rest or in the state of motion until and unless acted upon by some external force
The three laws of motion came from a physicist and scientist from United Kingdom named Isaac Newton. The unit of measurement of force is coined Newton, after his name. He was the one who came up with the three laws of motion, which are now known as Newton’s Laws of Motion.