Below the Earth’s surface nearly half-a-kilometre down, Indian physicists have established their own laboratory. Dark matter is responsible for holding the galaxies together. The quest for answers relating to dark matter is the main aim of the laboratory. This is India’s first venture in this field of science.
Known elementary particles include the fundamental fermions (quarks, leptons, antiquarks, and antileptons).
A cyclotron is a kind of particle accelerator in which the charged particles are accelerated in an outward direction from centre while following a spiral path. It was invented by Ernest O. Lawrence in 1934 and he was honoured by the Nobel Prize in physics for this in 1939.