Have you heard about the recent reforms by the New Education Policy (NEP) 2020?
Well, this article should help illuminate the new policy, its salient features and the aimed impact it seeks to achieve.
What Is The Objective Of The NEP 2020?
The objective of NEP is to improve the efficiency of the system in total and creating a more
competitive environment as a means to improve the productivity and efficiency of the system.
The interaction between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the hackathon finalist
• Through video conferencing, Prime Minister Narendra Modi interacted with the finalist of a hackathon. A hackathon is an initiative to provide students with a platform to solve some of the pressing problems we face in our daily lives, and thus inculcate a culture of product innovation and a mindset of problem-solving. The Grand Finale of Smart India Hackathon 2020 (Software) was held from 1st to 3rd August.
• This hackathon was organised by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD)’s All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), Persistent Systems and i4c. The role of the HRD is to formulate the national policy on education and implement planned development.
What Does The NEP 2020 Have In Store?
PM Modi addressed the following key points:
• NEP 2020 aims to increase gross enrolment ratio in higher education to 50% by 2035: The NEP is keen on inclusion, right from primary education. In higher education, the aim is to increase gross enrolment ratio to 50% by 2035.
• Provisions for multiple entries and exit important: In the national education policy, flexibility has been given great importance. There are provisions for multiple entries and exits. It won’t just be a small lane for students.
• Introduction of regional languages in school education will be helpful: Since India has a variety of regional & local languages. Students of our country should learn about the rich culture and languages of India. Most of the developed countries teach their students in their own local language.
• Flexibility to choose different subjects is much needed: The flexibility to choose subjects from various streams in one course is much needed. After the implementation of NEP, students will be able to choose their own subjects from any stream – humanities, science, commerce or vocational as per their interest.
• NEP is people-centric and future-centric: The new education policy is people-centric and future-centric
• NEP emphasis on making ‘job creators’: New Education Policy emphasises on making ‘job creators’ instead of ‘job seekers.’
• Students should never stop doing three things – Learning, Questioning and Solving: as when you learn you get the wisdom, when you question, you get out of the box methods to solve them.
• NEP is framed as per the need of students’ interest: Earlier, students did not get to choose the subjects they were interested in. Even after achieving a number of degrees, students were not satisfied. This new education policy aims to transform the education system according to the interest of students.
• It took 5 years to draft New Education Policy: New Education Policy was drafted after discussing with people from all sectors for the last five years.
• NEP 5+3+3+4 and new exam pattern: NEP will replace the 10+2 structure of school curricular by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
• Education System should focus on 21st century life skills: Education system has to be modified in order to focus on enhancing 21st century life skills among students as demonstrated at the grand finale of Smart India Hackathon.
• At the Smart India Hackathon, PM asks a finalist to build real-time tracking system for schools: PM asks a student from MLR institute if he can create a real-time tracking and alert system which can integrate schools, offices with police control rooms to ensure the safety of women, and children.
• PM will ask the people of IPS Training Institute to interact with team at Smart India Hackathon: Impressed by the ideas shared by the team of MLR Institute of Technology, Hyderabad that were mainly focused on helping the police personnel in crime reduction, PM Modi said that he will ask some people of IPS Training Institute in Hyderabad to call their team and have a dialogue on these ideas. He asked the students to interact with them to share their innovative ideas.
• At the Smart India Hackathon, student of MLR IT builds real-time facial recognition system: Real-time based facial recognition. Even if we cover our face, the AI will recognise the eyes, the space between the eyes and nose which do not change, said a student of MLR Institute of Technology, Hyderabad.
• During the Smart India Hackathon, a student spoke of Reusable Sanitary Napkin: A student is working towards reusable and bio-degradable sanitary napkin. Currently the government is providing a sanitary pad at Rs 1 each. With the introduction of reusable sanitary napkin will be of great help to the girls. The student was congratulated for the thoughtful gesture.
• A finalist has planned to prepare rainfall prediction system: With the help of the satellite, a rainfall prediction model will be prepared by a finalist. PM Modi appreciated the step and said that it will be of great help to the farmers also.