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Pursue A Career As A Life Scientist: Find Out To Know More!

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A life scientist may be any scientist whose work centers on the study of living things - whether plants, animals, bacteria, or humans. All careers in this field require at least a bachelor's degree in life science such as biology, chemistry, or genetics.

Educational Requirement

Anyone of the following:

1. Bachelor's degree in biology, chemistry or genetics; Ph.D. may be necessary for research or post-secondary positions.

2. Bachelor's degree in zoology or ecology; Ph.D. may be necessary for research or post-secondary positions.

3. Bachelor's degree in microbiology or closely related field; Ph.D. may be necessary for research or post-secondary positions.

Life science comprises a number of different fields and specializations. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), several types of scientists that may be grouped under the major category of life scientist are included food scientists, epidemiologists, zoologists, microbiologists, plant scientists, and biologists.

The particular duties of life scientists may depend on their field of work. Nonetheless, there are certain core responsibilities that virtually all life scientists may share, regardless of their area of study. Most life scientists may be required to conduct research either in a laboratory or in the field. Some scientists may conduct what is called basic research, which is studying a subject for the sake of understanding more about it. Others may conduct applied research, which is research for the purpose of developing a product, treatment, or technique for the market.

The employment outlook for life scientists, in general, varies depending on geography, the field of practice, and education level, among other factors. As with the employment outlook, the salaries of life scientists may depend on several factors, such as geography, the field of practice, and education level.

Food Scientists

Food scientists may work for private corporations, academia or government in researching and developing many aspects of food, such as nutritional content and additives. Some food scientists may also ensure that government food regulations are enforced. Although a bachelor's degree in biology, chemistry, or related subjects may be sufficient, a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) may be required for food scientists aspiring to research and/or teach at universities.


Zoologists may research and study the biological and behavioral foundations of wildlife by methods such as dissecting animal cadavers or collecting biological samples from live animals. As with food scientists, a bachelor's degree could be sufficient for certain research positions. Nonetheless, a Ph.D. may be required for administrative, academic, and independent research positions.


Microbiologists often study microorganisms like bacteria, algae, fungi and viruses to learn how they live and grow. They may conduct research, including drug development.


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