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WIPO Intellectual Property Handbook: Policy, Law, and Use!

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World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the Sixteen specialized agencies of the United Nations. WIPO was created in the year 1967 ?to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world.? WIPO currently has 184 member states, administers 24 international treaties, and has a headquarter in Geneva, Switzerland. Among the many roles that WIPO carries out to support the worldwide promotion of intellectual property rights, is its role in the administration of specific treaties and conventions.

Functions of WIPO -World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)

Allow a country to use its IP system effectively and optimally while ensuring that it contributes to overall national level development policies and goals. To provide a clear picture of where a country wants to go and how it will get there by using the IP system and helps to ensure the development of a balanced national IP system that fits with the specific needs and expectations of a country. Providing with a practical framework of cooperation between the country concerned and WIPO (and other agencies providing technical assistance in the areas related IP)

Activities of WIPO

The activities of WIPO are basically of three kinds:

  • To aid developing countries,
  • To set international norms and standards for the protection of intellectual property
  • To register the activities.

Objectives of WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

The objectives of WIPO are, firstly, to market the protection of and also the respect for intellectual property throughout the world through cooperation among States; and, where applicable, in collaboration with other international organizations; secondly, to ensure administrative cooperation among the intellectual property Unions established by the treaties that are administered by WIPO

WIPO-Administered Treaties

  • Berne Convention
  • Convention for the Protection of Creative, Literary and Artistic Works
  • Berne Convention, adopted in 1886, deals with the protection of works and the rights of their authors. It provides creators such as authors, musicians, poets, painters, etc. with the means to control how their works are used, by whom, and on what terms.
  • Paris Convention
  • Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
  • Paris Convention, adopted in 1883, applies to industrial property within the widest sense, including patents, trademarks, industrial designs, utility models, service marks, trade names, geographical indications, and the repression of unfair competition. This international agreement was the first significant step taken to help creators ensure that their intellectual works were protected in different other countries
  • Patent Law Treaty
  • Law Treaty (PLT)
  • Patent Law Treaty (PLT) was adopted in 2000 with the aim of harmonizing and streamlining formal procedures concerning national and regional patent applications and patents and making such methods more user-friendly. With the significant exception of filing date requirements, the PLT provides the maximum sets of necessities and requirements the office of a Contracting Party may apply.
  • Rome Convention
  • Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations
  • Rome Convention secures protection in performances for performers, in phonograms for producers of phonograms and broadcasts for broadcasting organizations. WIPO is responsible and accountable for the administration of the convention jointly or collectively with the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
  • Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks
  • Treaty on the Law of Trademarks
  • The objective of the Singapore Treaty is to create a modern and dynamic international framework for the harmonization of administrative trademark registration procedures. Building on the Trademark Law Treaty of 1994 (TLT), the Singapore Treaty has a wider scope of application and addresses more recent developments in the field of communication technologies.
  • Trademark Law Treaty (TLT)
  • The aim of the Trademark Law Treaty (TLT) is to standardize and streamline national and regional trademark registration procedures. This is often achieved through the simplification and harmonization of certain features of those procedures, thus making trademark applications and the administration of trademark registrations in multiple jurisdictions less complicated and more predictable.

Global Protection System

  • Budapest Treaty
  • Treaty deals with the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for Patent Procedure
  • Hague Agreement
  • Hague Agreement governs the international registration of industrial designs.
  • Lisbon Agreement
  • Lisbon Agreement provides for the protection of appellations of origin, that is, the "geographical denomination of a country, region, or locality, which serves to designate a product originating therein, the quality or characteristics of which are due exclusively or essentially to the geographic environment, including natural and human factors."
  • Madrid Agreement
  • the system makes it possible to protect a mark in many countries by obtaining an international registration that affects each of the designated Contracting Parties.
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) makes it possible to seek patent protection for an invention simultaneously in each of many countries by filing an "international" patent application. Such an application may be filed by anyone who is a national or resident of a PCT Contracting State. It may generally be filed with the national patent office of the Contracting State of which the applicant is a national or resident or, at the applicant's option, with the International Bureau of WIPO in Geneva.


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