Adding sunshine to the life of farmers, Solar energy and its applications in agriculture
Reviewable energy and farming are a winning combination. Wind, solar and biomass energy can be harvested forever, providing farmers with a long-term source of income.
The amount of energy from the sun that reaches Earth each day is enormous.
All the energy stored in Earth's reserves of coal, oil, and natural gas is equal to the energy from only 20 days of sunshine.
While desert areas such as Arizona and Nevada get more sun than other parts of the United States, most areas receive enough sunshine to make solar energy practical.
Why use solar energy?
Solar energy can be used in agriculture in a number of ways, saving money, increasing self-reliance, and reducing pollution. Solar energy can cut a farm's electricity and heating bills.
Solar energy is one of the most vital renewable sources of energy that can be utilized for various purposes. Solar energy is widely being adopted in residential, commercial and industrial sectors and it has huge potential to benefit the agriculture sector. So, with an endeavour to offer financial and water security to farmers, the Indian government has launched various schemes to promote the installation of grid-connected solar power plants and solar pumps. Application of Solar Energy in Agriculture
Solar energy to dry crops and grains
A major percentage of agriculture produce is spoilt during the traditional open-air drying. Using solar drying method can dry crops faster and at an even rate than leaving them out open in the field with the added advantage of protection from birds, insects and worms.
Solar power controlling daily activities
Solar energy possesses a huge potential for solar irrigation and can be used to pump water for livestock and crops. We need to design or renovate buildings to trap the heat available in daylight. The trapped heat can also be used to warm homes and livestock yards.
Solar water heaters can provide hot water for cattle cleaning and pen cleaning. Dairy operations can use hot solar water to warm and stimulate cow?s udders. The sunlight can be used to generate electricity to power homes and agriculture houses
Effective usage of greenhouse heating
Greenhouses normally use solar energy to carry out their prescribed function. But it needs to be regulated with gas and oil to maintain a constant temperature. There are several methods you can adopt to increase the efficiency of your greenhouse but using a heat sink is commonly opted by farmers.
Using solar photovoltaics in agriculture
Sunlight can also be used to generate electricity using PV solar panels. This is often a cost-friendly approach than conventional methods of providing electricity especially to a remote location where they have a problem in setting up power transmission lines. They have no moving parts and are easier to maintain than diesel fuels.Indian government offers schemes to farmers to encourage usage of solar Government's special scheme for farmers for the installation of solar pumps and grid-connected solar power plants
The scheme is divided into three different components - installation of standalone solar pumps, solarisation of grid-connected pumps and commissioning of grid-connected solar power plants. Through this scheme, the government targets to add 25,750 MW of combined solar capacities (all three components) by the year 2022.
Farmers are at the center of the problem regarding global warming; since the rise in temperature affects the climate change which in turn affects the agriculture produce. World population is continuously increasing and the demand for food products is witnessing a significant rise. Using solar power can help us to curb climate change and help us fight the problem effectively.