Plastic as Fuel: Tackling Two Problems with One New Technology.
India generates around 60million tons of garbage in a single day. And almost 45million a ton of this garbage is dumped untreated in the landfills, that is 75% of the trash. Cities like Mumbai and Delhi alone generate about 10million tons of waste every day. If the numbers of garbage generation continue at this current, India will need around 1200 hectares of land to dump the country?s waste.
The situation is alarming and needs everyone to start taking immediate action to deal with this problem. The situation calls for a response on every level, from global to national to individuals. One can begin adopting a few changes in their life simply by not using plastic on individually, by going paperless, integrating 3R?s- Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Going on a higher level, one should start to segregate waste into different bins of 2 categories- Bio-Degradable and Non-Bio Degradable. After segregation, come to composting the waste. These initiatives will surely help but looking at the current situation, and one has to incorporate new technology for more significant scale management.
How does the model work?
The objective of this technology is to use plastic waste and converts it into an array of fuels used for cars and other purposes. This tackles with two problems in one technology, by reusing the plastic which is found in huge numbers in India and converts it in fuel as it helps shorten the vast gap of demand and supply. Plastic is first placed the container then heat is supplied to the container. After heating the plastic starts to melt and release the vapours. These vapours are collected through the tube, and the vapours reach the beaker and get condense in the beaker, resulting in the formation of fuel. After the process of distillation and filtration, the substance like petrol, diesel, and kerosene are derived.
Plastic to fuel technologies are increasingly scalable and can be customized to meet the needs of various economies and geographies, and this new technology is not bound by massive pieces of machinery and huge-scale projects. These new facilities could create local revenue for communities near water bodies where plastic garbage has become a hazard to marine life.