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Smoking ? A slow poison: This is how smoking can slowly cause you death

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Hello world

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Facts about smoking:

Smoking is a preventable cause of a severely fatal disease that claims over 4,80,000 deaths every year, as per the Centre for Disease Control (CDC), USA. This figure is for the United States alone.

India constitutes 12% of smokers in the world.

More than 10 million Indians die every year from diseases caused due to smoking.

The Supreme court has identified smoking hazards and issued a nationwide ban on cigarette smoking in public places from 2nd October 2008 to save non-smokers from the ill effect of passive smoking.

Hookahs have also been banned in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan since 2011.

What are the substances used in different types of smoking?

While tobacco is the primary constituent in any type of smoking, there are other harmful substances used in different types of smoking.

Cigarettes: This is made up of tobacco, arsenic, formaldehyde, cyanide, lead, nicotine, carbon monoxide, acrolein, tobacco stems, and stalk, sawdust etc.

E-cigarettes and Vape: A Vape consist of cartridges of chemicals combined with nicotine that get vaporized due to heat from clicking the button.

Hookahs: Hookahs are glass pots for smoking vaporized opium, cannabis or tobacco

Bidis and Cannabis: These are hand-rolled joints containing marijuana that has a cardboard filter and rolling paper

How do these substances interact with the human body?

Inhaled tobacco and chemicals cause interaction of smoked substances with the body causing immediate as well as long term side effects:

? Short Term Effects:

? Quick numbing of the nervous system

? Smoke deposits in lungs

? Erosion of the inner lining of the lungs

? Wheezing and coughing

? Tightening of blood vessels due to nicotine

? Increase in blood pressure

Long Term Effects:

? Nicotine and cannabis are habit-forming elements, it leaves you craving for more as it directly manipulates the nervous system

? Smokers tend to face anger, anxiety, and depression due to the nicotine effect on the cognitive ability

? Headaches and sleeplessness are also common side-effects of smoking that damages the digestive system for many people

? Smoking leads to the destruction of air sacs of the lungs due to tar deposits; adverse effects can lead to a lung cancer

? Non-inhalation of smoke can lead to oral cancer

? Increased mucus in lungs can attract viruses and bacteria causing frequent respiratory problems

? Nicotine causes restricted arteries leading to cardiac arrests

? Smoking manipulates the production of carcinogenic cells leading to skin and blood cancer

? Hair, nail and skin quality deteriorates due to smoking

? Smoking reduces life expectancy

? Reproductive organs can get damaged as the membrane walls of cells get damaged due to smoking

How to support a loved one to quit smoking and deal with the withdrawal symptoms?

Smoking cigarettes is a serious and complicated addiction. Understand the withdrawal symptoms to help your loved ones:

Appetite: Cigarettes boost serotonin and dopamine in your body that reduces your hunger, once they?re out of your system you will crave for food more than usual. Don't make your quitter feel guilty about eating more.

Cravings: Nicotine cravings are strong desires to smoke that last only about 15 to 20 minutes, but they?ll keep coming back even after a month of your last cigarette. Support your quitter with counseling.

Cough: Our body coughs out deposits in the lungs to breathe easier, thus smokers have cough in the first week of quitting. Ease the quitter's pain with medication.

Headaches and dizziness: Quitters may face headaches and dizziness as the body tries to fight the cravings for nicotine. Exercise and adequate sleep can reduce this symptom.

Fatigue: Nicotine triggers high metabolism that makes you active thus a quitter may feel tired without it. Exercise, herbal tea, diet, and adequate sleep can reduce this symptom.

Anxiety, depression, and irritability: Smoking relieves stress and increases confidence due to a boost of serotonin and dopamine. Absence of the same can trigger anxiety, depression, and irritability.

Anti-smoking Institutes in India:

Tobacco Intervention Initiative

www.tii.org.in

Anti Smoking Division - Awaaz Foundation

http://awaaz.org/anti-smoking.html

National Health Portal Of India

https://www.nhp.gov.in/quit-smoking_pg

Research Institutes Working On Ill-Effects Of Smoking:

Indian Institute of Public Health, Delhi (IIPHD), Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram, India

Impact of India?s National Tobacco Control Programme on bidi and cigarette consumption: a difference-in-differences analysis

https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/early/2019/02/13/tobaccocontrol-2018-054621

Heal is-Sekhsaria Institute for Public Health, Navi Mumbai Attributable deaths from smoking in the last 100 years in India

http://environmentportal.in/files/file/deaths%20from%20smoking.pdf


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