Children with Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment!

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World Diabetes Day was first introduced in 1991 and founded by both the International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organization. In reaction to the rise in cases of diabetes worldwide, it was decided to choose a day of the year to raise awareness of diabetes. The day chosen was the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, a medical scientist who co-discovered Insulin and was the first person to use it on humans.

Throughout the world, incidences of diabetes are on the rise, and the majority of diabetic patients are amongst children. Most children are affected by type 1 diabetes in childhood. However, the number of children and young adults affected by type 2 diabetes is beginning to rise.

Approximately 90% of young people with diabetes suffer from type 1 and the number of patients who are children varies from place to place.

A figure of 17 per 100000 children developing diabetes each year as per the reports. As bad diets and obesity spread.

How is Diabetes Caused in Children?

Type 1 diabetes in children, previously called juvenile diabetes, occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Without insulin, sugar cannot travel from the blood into the cells, and high blood sugar levels can result.

Treatment involves:

  • Lifelong insulin use and blood sugar monitoring.
  • Diet and exercise management to help keep blood sugar levels within the target range.

Type 2 diabetes is less common in young children, but it can occur when insulin is not working properly on your body. Without enough insulin, glucose can accumulate in the bloodstream.

Treatment involves:

  • A change in diet
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • More exercise

Sometime the affected patient might need medications.

What Symptoms do Children with Diabetes Exhibit?

Several symptoms may give early warning that diabetes has developed.

  • Thirst
  • Tiredness
  • Weight Loss
  • Frequent Urination
  • Stomach Ache
  • Headache
  • Behavioral Problems

How is it Treated?

After diagnosis, a child will usually be referred to a regional diabetes specialist.

Type 1 typically means that a vast majority of islet cells have destroyed and insufficient or zero insulin can be produced. The only precise method of treating diabetes in children is insulin treatment. Usually, the care team will plan an insulin regimen suited to the individual requirements and habits of the child. Treating type 2 diabetes in children depends entirely on how far their condition has developed. At an early stage, it may be possible to treat the condition with an abrupt lifestyle change incorporating a healthier diet and exercise.

What Sort of Diet Should they Follow?

Diabetics can eat the same food as normal people: it is a myth that they can only eat food with no sugar, for instance. A dietician will be able to advise you further, but it is certainly essential that your child has a balanced and healthy diet, high in complex carbohydrates and fibre.

It is necessary to be careful with sweet food, but it need not be 100% of the menu.

Should Children with Diabetes Exercise?

Exercise is the second major factor in controlling type 2 diabetes, and it is incredibly essential for all children who have diabetes. When carrying out physical exercise child should be near sugar. Physical activity also governs how much your child can eat.

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