Driverless Robo Cars: Revolutionizing The Automobile Industry...Find Out!
The field of robotics encompasses a broad spectrum of technologies in which computational intelligence is embedded in physical machines, creating systems with capabilities far exceeding the core components alone. Such robotic systems are then able to carry out tasks that are unachievable by conventional machines, or even by humans working with conventional tools. The ability of a machine to move by itself, that is, ?autonomously,? is one such capability that opens up an enormous range of applications that are uniquely suited to robotic systems. This chapter describes such autonomous vehicles and summarizes their development and application within the international perspective of this study.
Robo car an automobile that is navigated and maneuvered by a computer without a need for human control or intervention under a range of driving situations and conditions.
Robotic Cars or Self Driving Cars sense their surroundings using the technology such as radar, GPS and the computer vision, The sensory information is processed to navigate the appropriate pathways for the vehicle to avoid any obstacles and obey the road signs.
How Do Robocars Work?
A self-driving car is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input. To accomplish this task, each vehicle is usually outfitted with a GPS unit, an inertial navigation system, and a range of sensors including laser rangefinders, radar, and video. The vehicle uses positional information from the GPS and inertial navigation system to localize itself and sensor data to refine its position estimate as well as to build a three-dimensional image of its environment.
Data from each sensor is filtered to remove noise and often fused with other data sources to augment the original image. How the vehicle subsequently uses this data to make navigation decisions is determined by its control system.
Advantages Of Robocars
Robotic cars cause fewer accidents, The human error supposedly causes 93% of all car accidents, They will have faster reaction times compared to the human drivers, They will drive faster due to the increased safety, The speed limits can be increased to reflect the safer driving, shortening the journey times.
The inter-vehicle communication rolls out on a wider scale, each robot takes better defensive actions, Robot cars cause less traffic, they will be able to eliminate the gap that usually occurs when the human drivers stop in traffic and they will reduce the car theft. Robot cars can eliminate distracted drivers, You can text, sleep, watch a movie, play video games while driving, they offer better accessibility, The blind people can now drive, There are no more parking issues, there will be no bad drivers and there will be fewer mistakes on the roads.
The robotic cars are lightweight, So, They will decrease the amount of fuel consumption or they can be run on hydrogen and the electricity which makes air pollution and fuel consumption a thing of the past.
The sensory technology can perceive the environment better than the human senses, the robotic cars can see farther ahead, they can see better in poor visibility, they can detect smaller and more subtle obstacles and they can reduce the traffic accidents.
Though expensive, this can be a revolution in itself when implemented all over.