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Become a Pathologist- Education and Career Guide in Pathology!

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Would you make a successful pathologist? Let’s find out. A pathologist is a physician in the medical field who studies the nature, causes, and effects of a disease. The area of pathology is vast with concentration on changes in organs, tissues, and cells that are the result of a disease.

They typically work in one of the three main areas of discipline: investigators, diagnosticians, or teachers. The ability to integrate data with molecular, biochemical and physiological laboratory studies is fundamental to the work performed daily.

A Pathologist could:

·        Examine kidney tissues of a patient under a microscope to determine if the patient requires a transplant.

·        Perform an autopsy to decide if the person died of natural cause or homicide. This can particularly help solve a crime.

·        Look over the blood test of a pregnant woman to determine if the child she is carrying will be born in good health.

Eligibility Criteria and Higher Studies for Pathology

Aspiring candidates must be from a science background with physics, chemistry and biology combination. After that, you should first complete  MBBS degree from a reputed medical institute or college. Once you are done with an MBBS degree, you can then opt for a specialization in Pathology.

Curriculum and Core Subjects

Some of the MBBS course subjects are:

·        Human Anatomy

·        General Medicine

·        Orthopaedics

·        Human physiology including biophysics

·        Introduction to Humanities and community medicine

·        Biochemistry

·        Radiotherapy

·        Ophthalmology

·        Psychiatry

·        Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases

·        Ear, Nose, and Throat

·        Paediatrics

·        Forensic medicine including toxicology

·        Gynecology

·        General medicine

·        General surgery

·        Anesthesiology

·        Obstetrics

·        Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Specializations

Syllabus of MBBS degree (Semester Wise)

Total number of semesters-9

·        Semester 1-2 (Pre-clinical): Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology.

·        Semester 3-5 (Para-clinical): Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings, OPDs.

·        Semester 6-9 (Clinical): Community medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Surgery and allied subjects, Clinical postings.

Internship Learning Schedule for Pathology(12 months)-

·        Medicine- a specialty duration of 1.5 months

·        Surgery- Specialty duration of 1.5 months

·        Rural- a specialty duration of 3 months

·        Paediatrics- a specialty duration of 1 month

·        Obstetrics and Gynaecology- a specialty duration of 1 month

·        Casualty- duration of 1month

·        Anaesthesiology- duration of 15 days

·        Ophthalmology- duration of 15 days

·        Elective- duration of 2 months

Careers Related to the Field

Some of the careers related to the field are:

·        Anatomical Pathologist

·        Clinical Pathologist

·        Forensic Pathologist

·        Cytopathologist

·        Neuropathologist

·        Molecular Pathologist

·        Chemical Pathologist

·        Genetic Pathologist

·        Immunopathologist


The average salary a Pathologist can earn in India is Rs. 8 lakh to Rs. 10 lakh per annum.

Top Universities

Some of the top universities in India are listed below:

·        All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

·        Christian Medical College, Chennai

·        Armed forces Medical College, Pune

·        Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore

·        Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry

·        Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi

·        Grant Medical College, Mumbai

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