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Become A Pathologist: The World Of Studying Diseases?Find Out!

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Pathologist career guide

What is Pathology?

Pathology is a Greek work, pathos means disease and logy means study. Pathology means study and diagnose of the disease. Pathology involves basic medical science and clinical practice of investigating the cause and mechanism of the diseases. In the contemporary field of general pathology, the disease are mostly diagnose through analysis of tissue, cell, and body fluid samples. A physician practicing pathology is called a pathologist.

What does a Pathologist actually do?

As a pathologist their work is to address disease, they address it from four components of disease cause ie. The root cause, mechanisms of development (pathogenesis), structural alterations of cells (morphologic changes), and the consequences of changes (clinical manifestations). The further analysis from them is more concerned about the genre of the diseases and find out marker and precursor for both infectious and non-infectious diseases.

Subdivisions of Pathology:

There are various forms of pathology and are subdivided in parts as follows:

  • General pathology
  • Anatomical Pathology
  • Cytopathology
  • Dermatopathology
  • Forensic pathology
  • Histopathology
  • Neuropathology
  • Pulmonary pathology
  • Renal pathology
  • Surgical pathology
  • Clinical pathology
  • Hematopathology
  • Molecular pathology
  • Oral and maxillofacial pathology

Eligibility for Pathology

Pathology course is a full-time undergraduate course which is to be done after 12th std. In 12th standard a student must pass science with three subjects mandatory in it i.e. Biology, Physics and Chemistry. Thereafter students can take admission in B.SC in pathology on the basis of their performance. There is no special or other exams and courses to be done before doing graduation in B.SC in pathology expect 12th with the three mandatory subjects. One can complete the bachelors and then go for Masters i.e. M.SC in pathology for 2 years which will be considered as post-graduation of the student. There are vast options available after the bachelor?s degree and one can choose the path as per them.

The Universities and options in courses

In India there are various institution and universities which offers you courses in this field. Several courses are available from certificate level to master level. Some best collages for the course of pathology are St. Johns Medical College, Bangalore. Christian Medical College, Vellore. G. B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Uttarakhand.Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli.Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra.Vinayaka Mission's Sankarachariyar Dental College ? Salem etc.

The degree options from certificate to masters are as follows:

Certificate Courses ? 1 year

  • PDCC (Blood Banking & Immunohematology)
  • PDCC (Blood Component Therapy & Apheresis)
  • PDCC (Hepatopathology)
  • PDCC (Renal Pathology)
  • Post MD Certificate course in Cytopathology
  • Post MD Certificate course in Immunopathology

Diploma Courses:

  • Diploma in Pathology ? 2 years
  • Diploma in Clinical Pathology ? 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology ? 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Human Genetics and Pathological Techniques (PGDHGPT) ? 15 months

Bachelor Courses:

Bachelor of Audiology Speech and Language Pathology ? 4 years

Master Courses:

  • Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Pathology ? 2 years
  • Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Pathology ? 3 years
  • Doctor of Medicine in Pathology ? 3 years

Doctoral Courses:

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Pathology ? 3 years
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Speech Pathology and Audiology ? 3 years

The Career prospective

The role of pathologist in medical industry is so diverse and equally effective so they have a huge scope in getting jobs. Pathologists generally function in three broad areas classified as diagnosticians in hospitals, investigators or researchers in medical laboratories and as teachers in colleges and universities. From the financial point of view a pathologist may be able to be recruited for an average salary on the basis of their education, the requirement of the job and designations and working hours. If you choose for medical pathology specifically you can work for hospitals and private institutions, aspirants may also have a chance to work in big hospitals like AIIMS and in military and government agencies.


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